Posted October 22, 2020 in Featured News

Some of the more memorable accounts are captured in a publication entitled, “Through a Night of Horrors: Voices from the 1900 Galveston Storm.”. Another schooner, known as Greta, capsized offshore Cape Breton Island near Low Point, with the fate of the crew being unknown. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The United States of America: Fact or Fiction? Nearly all vessels owned by the Buffalo Canoe Club suffered severe damage or destruction at Crystal Beach.

May 12, 2017 [118], In Nova Scotia, damage was reported in the Halifax area. Most cottages around the Big Long, Gallows,[105] Halfway,[106] and Little Long ponds were reduced to burning coals. Stele to Sayers, September 11–12, 1900", "Post-storm rebuilding considered 'Galveston's finest hour, 10.1175/1520-0493(1915)43<405:TTSOA>2.0.CO;2, "Houston Eyes Designer Bonds to Pay for $15 Billion Ike Dike", "The story behind a lost statue honoring victims of Galveston's deadly 1900 hurricane", "Hurricane's victims honored throughout the city", "Oldest living Texas Republican celebrates 113th birthday", "Thrilling Experiences In The Galveston Storm", When Weather Changed History - Galveston Hurricane, The Deadliest Hurricane in History: A Storm of Unimaginable Magnitude, Ocean Star Offshore Drilling Rig & Museum, Sts. Eventually, the Weather Bureau placed Galveston under a storm warning and on Sept. 7, Cline ordered hurricane flags to be flown. [69] Later estimates placed the hurricane at the higher Category 4 classification on the Saffir–Simpson scale. Dr. H. C. Frankenfeld, forecast official of the Weather Bureau, gave an account of the West India hurricane that traveled through Texas. [92] Several nearby resorts received extensive damage. Weather Service issued a mandatory evacuation, warning of “certain death” for those who stayed (although it’s estimated that one-third of the population remained). As hurricanes approach coastlines, the National Weather Service’s land-based Doppler weather radar network is used by forecasters to monitor storm movement and develop inland hurricane warnings. “The water ... was about eight inches deep in my residence,” Cline later wrote, “and the sudden rise of 4 feet brought it above my waist before I could change my position.” The storm surge arrived around 7:30 p.m. The hurricane left between 6,000 and 12,000 fatalities in the United States; the number most cited in official reports is 8,000. [16] The city was the fourth largest municipality in terms of population in the state of Texas in 1900, and had among the highest per capita income rates in the United States. Galveston rapidly became a prime resort destination enabled by the open vice businesses on the island. Some small crafts in Narragansett Bay received damage, while apple orchards experienced slight losses. “Loss of life and property undoubtedly most appalling,” read a telegram sent after the storm, describing what those attempting to get to Galveston by train discovered. Loss of life and property undoubtedly most appalling. The committee and then-Mayor of Galveston, Roger Quiroga, planned several public events in remembrance of the storm, including theatrical plays, an educational fundraising luncheon, a candlelight memorial service, a 5K run, the rededication of a commemorative Clara Barton plaque, and the dedication of the Place of Remembrance Monument. [29] Few people evacuated across Galveston's bridges to the mainland,[30] and the majority of the population was unconcerned by the rain clouds that began rolling in by midmorning. [87] Heavy rains fell in parts of Minnesota. After landfall, the cyclone turned northward through the Great Plains. It was the storm that hit Galveston, Texas, exactly 108 years and one week ago. The first sign of the storm was noticed August 30, 1900, hear the Windward Islands, about latitude 15 degrees north, longitude 63 degrees west. Many houses, battered by hours of wind, succumbed to the bank of water that rushed over the island. Why build such an expensive structure when respected leaders in the community believed the city was exempt from a fate like Indianola’s? "Galveston Island, with all its boasted accumulation of people, habitations, wealth, trade and commerce, is but a waif of the ocean, a locality but of yesterday ... liable, at any moment, and certain, at no distant day, of being engulfed and submerged by the self-same power that gave it form. The city was pummeled again by major hurricanes in 1961 and 1983, but they caused less damage than the one that struck in 1900. [68], The highest measured wind speed was 100 mph (160 km/h) just after 6:15 p.m. on September 8 (00:15 It was last spotted over the north Atlantic on September 15. [82] A number of fatalities also occurred after strong winds turned debris into projectiles. However, survivors reported observing bricks, slate, timbers, and other heavy objects becoming airborne, indicating that winds were likely stronger. A bridge, along with a few train cars, were swept away during a washout in Cold Spring. [132] The dredging of the Houston Ship Channel began by 1909,[133] which opened in 1914, ending Galveston's hopes of regaining its former status as a major commercial center. When they reached the telegraph office in Houston early on September 10, a short message was sent to Texas Governor Joseph D. Sayers and U.S. President William McKinley: "I have been deputized by the mayor and Citizen's Committee of Galveston to inform you that the city of Galveston is in ruins."
At the age of 19, Galveston’s Emma Bernie Beal was one of those who bore witness to the burning — an image that would haunt her dreams for years: “I stood out there and watched them burn some bodies.

Galveston also began the monstrous project of raising the entire city. The highest points in the city when the hurricane hit ranged between seven and nine feet above sea level. The system landed on Cuba as a tropical storm on September 3 and moved on in a west-northwest direction.

In another incident nearby, the steamer City of Erie, with about 300 passengers aboard, was hit by a tidal wave that swept over the bulwarks. The season kicked off in mid-June when a squall formed in the Caribbean and tore across St. Lucia and Puerto Rico. [90] In Toledo, strong winds disrupted telegraph services. [89] Rough seas in Lake Erie resulted in several maritime incidents offshore Ohio. The total also included $115,000 in damage to schools and approximately $100,000 in damage to roads. Chimneys in each section of the city collapsed; many people narrowly escaped injury or death. Many places of worship in the city also received severe damage or were completely demolished. Hurricane Mitch struck Central America in late October 1998, leaving more than 11,000 people dead, destroying hundreds of thousands of homes and causing more than $5 billion in damages.

[26], On September 4, the Galveston office of the Weather Bureau (as it was then called) began receiving warnings from the Bureau's central office in Washington, D.C., that a tropical disturbance had moved northward over Cuba. By the time the storm reached the Texas coast south of Galveston late on September 8, it was a Category 4 hurricane. Telephone and telegraph communications were nearly completely out for several hours, while windows shattered and trees snapped. That storm killed about 8,000 Americans and leveled what had been the largest city in Texas. Contributions, both monetary gifts and supplies, were estimated to have reached about $120,000.

[45] In Quintana, the city experienced extensive damage during this storm and a flood in 1899, causing portions of the community to be abandoned. The great Galveston hurricane roared through the prosperous island city with winds in excess of 130 miles per hour and a 15-foot storm surge. Beginning in 1979, men’s names were also used. Most of these deaths occurred in and near Galveston, Texas, after storm surge inundated the coastline with 8 to 12 ft (2.4 to 3.7 m) of water. [30] It is believed 8,000 people—20% of the island's population—had lost their lives. Today, Indianola is a ghost town.

Indianola, 145 kilometers southwest down the Texas coast, was hit by a hurricane and nearly destroyed in 1875, and again in 1886. Excerpts from a letter to his wife describe his ordeal: “I have passed through the most trying, horrible thing in my life. [80] Most had drowned or been crushed as the waves pounded the debris that had been their homes hours earlier. (In 2008, Hurricane Ike pummeled Galveston with similarly ferocious winds.)

On Sunday morning, after the storm was all over, I went out into the streets and the most horrible sights that you can ever imagine. [125] The building committee, with a budget of $450,000, opened applications for money to rebuild and repair homes. [101] In the town of Orange, twelve large tents at a fair were ripped. The southern end of the city was submerged with about 5 ft (1.5 m) of water. Total crop damage in Ontario alone amounted to $1 million.

From Galveston the storm moved on to the Great Lakes and New England, which experienced strong wind gusts and heavy rainfall. Located on a barrier island about 70 kilometers southeast of Houston on Texas’ Gulf Coast, Galveston has a rich and colorful history. Zalzal, a freelance science writer based in Lyons, Colo., holds undergraduate and master’s degrees in geology and paleoclimatology. Shortly afterward, the entire city was under as much as 5 meters of water.

The storm turned east-northeastward and became extratropical over Iowa on September 11. [33], Antigua reported a severe thunderstorm passing over on August 30, with lower barometric pressures and 2.6 in (66.0 mm) of rain on the island. [10] The hurricane weakened slightly on September 8 and recurved to the northwest as it approached the coast of Texas, while the Weather Bureau office in Galveston began observing hurricane-force winds by 22:00 UTC.

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